A Data Type is a specific kind of classifier, similar to a Class except that a Data Type cannot own sub Data Types, and instances of a Data Type are identified only by their value. For example, an instance of a Person Class is a Helen object, but an instance of an Integer Data Type is 12.
All copies of an instance of a Data Type, and any instances of that Data Type with the same value, are considered to be the same instance. That is, instances of Helen are not necessarily the same Helen, but all 12s are the same 12. For example, the 12 on a watch face is exactly the same integer as the number of months in a year.
Instances of a Data Type that have attributes (that is, are instances of a structured Data Type) are considered to be the same if the structure is the same and the values of the corresponding attributes are the same. If a Data Type has attributes, instances of that Data Type contain attribute values matching the attributes.
A typical use of Data Types would be to represent programming language primitive types or CORBA basic types. For example, integer and string types are often treated as Data Types.
A Data Type is denoted by a rectangle with the keyword «dataType», as above or, when it is referenced by (for example) an attribute, by a string containing the name of the Data Type, as below: