On an Activity diagram, an Expansion Region surrounds a process to be imposed multiple times on the incoming data, once for every element in the input collection. If there are multiple inputs, the collection sizes must match, and the elements within each collection must be of the same type. Similarly, any outputs must be in the form of a collection matching the size of the inputs.
The concurrency of the Expansion Region's multiple executions can be specified as type parallel, iterative, or stream. Parallel reflects that the elements in the incoming collections can be processed at the same time or overlapping, whereas an iterative concurrency type specifies that execution must occur sequentially. A stream-type Expansion Region indicates that the input and output come in and exit as streams, and that the Expansion Region's process must have some method to support streams.
To modify the mode of an Expansion Region, right-click on it and select the Advanced | Custom Properties context menu option.
See UML Superstructure Specification, v2.1.1, figure 12.87, p. 372.
OMG UML Specification
The OMG UML specification (UML Superstructure Specification, v2.1.1, p. 367) states:
An expansion region is a structured activity region that executes multiple times corresponding to elements of an input collection.